It’s common knowledge that eating too many sugary and fatty foods can lead to obesity, diabetes, and other diseases that come with those conditions. But what about the vegetables? According to new research from Harvard University, eating more carrots might actually help prevent type 2 diabetes in obese people.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease where the body can’t use sugar (glucose) as energy. The pancreas produces insulin, which helps glucose get into the cells. With type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. In type 2 diabetes, there are enough insulin-producing cells, but for some reason, they can’t produce enough insulin or use it correctly (this is called insulin resistance). Regardless of whether it’s type 1 or type 2 diabetes, when someone who has this disease eats food containing carbs like bread, pasta, potatoes, and other starchy foods like rice and corn – their blood sugar levels will rise sharply. Then, to try to keep those levels from getting too high, the person’s body releases lots of insulin to bring them back down. Over time, if your body keeps releasing more and more insulin each time you eat these foods (or any food containing carbs), your pancreas won’t be able to keep up with that demand on its own. As a result, your insulin production may slow down and you’ll eventually stop being able to control your blood sugar well at all
What is Type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas makes insulin, but the body doesn’t properly use it. Type 1 diabetes happens when the pancreas does not make any insulin at all, and people with this type must take daily injections or wear an insulin pump. Studies have shown that certain vegetables can play a part in helping regulate glucose levels. One particular vegetable: carrots. Potatoes and bananas can also contribute to regulating glucose levels because they contain high amounts of starch. An important thing to know is that many Veggies are packed with antioxidants like vitamins A and C, as well as folate and lutein, which help reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers. Though too much fibre may cause GI distress (bloating, gas), too little fibre may lead to constipation and other problems. Some people may be hesitant to add more vegetables to their diet because they fear weight gain. However, studies show that eating more fruits and vegetables helps you lose weight. You should be able to eat as many low-calorie foods as you like without guilt since you’re getting a lot of nutrients! Healthy fats such as avocados and olive oil can help with the absorption of carotenoids found in dark leafy greens such as spinach. The key is to incorporate these healthy foods into your diet slowly so your body adjusts gradually.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes.
The first step in the diagnosis and treatment of type 2 diabetes is to find out whether there is any indication that you have the condition. If your doctor thinks you might have prediabetes, he may refer you for an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The test consists of drinking a very sweet liquid solution containing 75g of pure sugar. Your blood sugar level is then checked after two hours using a blood sample taken from your fingertip. If your blood sugar level exceeds 126mg/dL on two separate occasions after eating a meal containing 50g or more carbohydrates, then you are diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes. If your blood sugar level is lower than 125mg/dL, then you are considered to be in good health and not yet affected by type 2 diabetes.
A person’s life expectancy decreases drastically if they have uncontrolled diabetes; therefore, taking steps early on to control the disease through diet and exercise is essential. Researchers have suggested that a nutrient found mostly in vegetables known as beta-carotene could help prevent type 2 diabetes. Beta carotene converts into vitamin A inside the body, and vitamin A has been found to improve insulin sensitivity in individuals with both prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Individuals who ate foods rich in beta-carotene had much better results during OGTT tests than those who didn’t eat these types of foods.
Carrot and its benefits to help prevent Type 2 Diabetes.
Carrots are rich in beta-carotene which is converted to vitamin A and can provide many health benefits. Vitamin A is important for skin, vision, teeth, and healthy cells. The benefits of carrots don’t stop there! Carrot consumption has been linked to a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes as well as reducing inflammation in the body (which often contributes to diabetes). It’s not clear exactly how this works, but it might be that fiber from carrots aids in nutrient absorption and slows down the rate at which your body breaks down sugar in food. Fibre It It It also lowers cholesterol levels. Another possible benefit of eating carrots is their antioxidant content. Antioxidants help prevent damage to your cells by free radicals, thus helping prevent diseases like cancer or heart disease. Eating fruits and vegetables like carrots could also decrease weight gain by providing more fiber than sugar. One medium carrot contains only 16 calories with 3 grams of fiber. To keep your blood sugar steady, consume a diet high in whole grains and low in refined grains, trans fats, sodium, and saturated fats. Get physical activity each day to improve muscle mass, which will then improve insulin sensitivity, decrease stress hormones, and increase fat metabolism.
After reviewing this information, it is clear that the best way to help prevent or manage type 2 diabetes is to maintain a healthy diet and an active lifestyle. Eating lots of fruits and vegetables, like carrots, will help lower blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of developing diabetes. Continuing with my own work on this topic, I found some more evidence suggesting that eating whole grains like oatmeal instead of processed foods like white bread helps reduce the risk of developing diabetes in both adults and children. This could lead to managing or eliminating type two diabetes completely! People who already have diabetes may be able to lower their need for medication by making changes such as exercising more, reducing fat intake, and increasing fiber consumption.
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